Bows and Arrows of North- and Eastern Europe and Central- and Northern Asia – Volume 1

This is volume 1 of two volumes. These two books are the last ones of my work about bows and arrows of the world, showing in detail bows, arrows, quivers, thumb rings and arm protectors of northern and eastern Europe, Central- and North Asia. Both volumes contain a lot of literature about the topic, never translated into English before. Very helpful are here the numerous Russian sources.

Foreword – page 5

General, cross-cultural part

Timetable – page 6

Bruno F. Adler: “The North Asian Arrow”, 1901 – page 12

Bruno F. Adler: “The Bows of North Asia”, 1902 – page 50

G.M. Burov: The wooden bows of the Mesolithic peoples in the Far East

of Europe – page 70

B. A. Litvinsky: “The Composite Bow in Ancient Central Asia” – page 76

A. F. Medvejev: Arrows (and Bows) from Russia from “Manual of

Distance Weapons” – page 84

Special, culture-specific part

The Paleolithic period

The Earliest Russian Composite Bows – Page 185

“The Koksharovsko-Yurinskaya burial ground in the Middle Trans-Urals”

– page 193

Bone objects of excavation sites Berendyevo V and IX – page 195

A settlement near the village of Nikola-Lenivvets, Kaluga region – page


The Neolithic Age

Tomb of a Bronze Age master in the Steppe-Transvolga region – page 202

Broadheads made from bones of the primitive population of the region at

the confluence of the Volga and

Oka – page 209

The Middle Stone Age

The North Pontic culture from around 5000 to 700 BC – page 215

Cultural Processes in Late Bronze Age Ukraine – page 220

The Kimmerian Period (900 – 700 BC) – page 221

The Bronze Age

Warfare in the Middle Bronze Age – page 238

Distance weapons of the early and middle Bronze Age of the steppe

regions of Eastern Europe – page 260

Special ethnological partThe Parthians – page 264

The Macedonians – page 270

The Shooting Methods of the Archers of the Ancient Greek World – page


The Scythians, Sakaks and Sarmatians – page 274

The Tasmola culture in central Kazakhstan – page 276

Funeral from the pre-Scythian period – page 278

New materials on the former Scythian habitat on the left bank of the

Lower Don – page 280 The pre-Scythian, Sacian Tasmola culture in central

Kazakhstan – page 286

The problem of the formation of the culture of the Sakas (Scythians) in the

South Urals – page 288 Collection of the Pre-Scythian and Early Scythian

periods on the Lower Don – page 290

The weapons of Central Asian cattle breeders, 2nd century BC. – 5th

century AD – page 292 Finds from the early Iron Age near Troiskoye in the

Moscow region page 295

The ancient sites of the Upper Volga region page 297

Making of a Stone Age arrow – page 298

Some Late Bronze Age monuments in Nagorno-Karabakh – page 300

A Bronze Age kurgan near Sarychoban, Azerbaijan – page 301

The Munchaktepa burial site in northern Ferghana (Uzbekistan) – page 302

The Khangiz 1, a burial ground in Fergana – page 304

Replicas – page 305

The Xiongnu Culture – page 322

Finds of “Hunnic” origin in what is now Russia – page 323

Traditional armament of the Tesinski tribes – page 333

The Kokel Culture – page 336

Weapons of the Tajik tribes – page 346

The areas/cultures on the Upper Ob – page 354

The armament of the Berel tribes/culture – page 359

The art of war of the ancient Turks, (Gök-Turks – page 362

Peculiarities of the Lord of the Uyghurs – page 375 The armament of the

Kimeks – page 379

Main regularities in the development of weapons and military art of the

medieval nomads of Southern Siberia and Central Asia – page 387The Hungarians – page 393

Hungarian bows and arrows – page 395

Central Asian iron arrowheads – page 417

The Vikings/Varangians – page 425

The arrowheads of Birka – page 429

The Pukkila cremation cemetery in Isokyrö – page 437 Norman Archery

Equipment – page 452 Bibliography on Adler “The North Asian Arrow”,

1901 – page 467 Symbol directory – page 468

Bibliography of Medvedev – page 473

Image references – page 472

Glossary – page 477

ISBN: 978-3-948396-30-5

With more than 1.370 illustrations, many of them in colour, as well as 89 plates on 480 pages. Price: 89.- Euro Please order via

The book weighs more than 2.6 kg.

The second volume has 200 pages and is available under ISBN 978-3-948396-35-0.